If you’ve decided to get a solar panel of your own then it is also the time to decide the type of solar panel you will buy. There are many things you need to keep in mind when you are selecting your solar panel, such as space available, budget etc.
First, let’s go through the solar panel options available to you. There is the crystalline silicon solar panel. According to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), almost 90 per cent of the world’s photovoltaics (PV) today are based on some variation of silicon.
The key is the purity of the silicon used in PV. The efficiency of a solar cell in converting sunlight into electricity is based on this. The better the silicon molecules aligned, the better the solar cell efficiency.
Monocrystalline silicon solar cells can be recognized easily by the even colouring and uniform look of the solar panel. It is also an indicator of high-purity silicon being used.
As they are made of the highest quality of silicon, these solar panels also have the highest efficiency rates. They are also quite space efficient and require least amount of space compared to other solar panel types. Also, monocrystalline solar panels are highly durable and manufacturers generally put a 25-year warranty on them.
In comparison to monocrystalline silicon cells, the silicon quality used in polycrystalline silicon solar cells is quite low. Also, the lifespan of these solar panels is also comparatively less and their performance can be negatively impacted due to high temperature.
Another type of solar panel is the string ribbon solar cells, also made out of polycrystalline silicon. The cost of these solar panels is low as the amount of silicon used is half of the amount used during the manufacturing of monocrystalline solar panels.
However, these solar panels rank last in terms of space efficiency.
Thin-film solar cells or thin-film photovoltaic cells are majorly categorized into three types:
First comes the amorphous silicon solar cells which are generally used for small-scale applications like pocket calculators. However, recent modifications have also made them eligible to use for certain large-scale applications as well.
Second is the cadmium telluride solar cell, the only thin-film solar panel technology to surpass the cost-efficiency of crystalline silicon solar panels.
Third is the copper indium gallium selenide solar cells which are the most efficient in comparison to the other thin film solar panel technologies.
The thin-film solar panel technology is much more cost efficient in comparison to the crystalline based solar panel technology. Their similar appearance makes them more appealing to the eye.
Another important fact is that high temperatures and shading have minimum impact on the solar panel performance, as opposed to the crystalline solar panels. Thin-film solar panels are an ideal choice in circumstances where space is not an issue.
Another type of solar panel is the building-integrated photovoltaics. It is based on crystalline silicon as well as thin-film solar cells. This solar panel can be in the form of facades, roofs, windows, walls and many other things which have been integrated or combined with photovoltaic material.
However, these solar panels are quite expensive and not much preferred by home owners.
The best way to choose the ideal solar panel for your home is to talk with experts. Let the professionals have a look at your home and make sure to tell them your circumstances regarding space and money. Something can definitely be sorted out.
To find the best and ideal solar panel for your home come to Enova Energy, one of the best energy company. Learn more to know about solar Energy.